Problem Solving & Insight
“...becoming perplexed and making mistakes in relatively simple situations; but it is precisely for this reason that we may, under the simplest conditions, gain knowledge of the nature of intelligent acts.” (Köhler, 1925, p.1)
- Learning is self-directed. Through trial-and-error solutions are discovered and insight occurs.
- In Kohler's research, apes put sticks together to reach food.
- Simplifying problems and organizing information into meaningful groups brings understanding to the problem.
- When the problem is understood, performance results
- Insightful learning leads to understanding and longer retention
- Transfer of information: learning is flexible, can be remembered, and applied to other situations.
(Image retrieved from http://www.creativitypost.com/psychology/are_you_smarter_than_an_apes_uncle)